A universe with no beginning or end, where its matter has always had mass and occupied space—in a system that recycles since more can't be added nor what exists be destroyed.
Gas ices condense—their molecules attach—without needing to become liquids first; the colder the better. Their globules are also attractive to the larger irregular shaped objects that we call dust. Provided that your nucleosynthesis concept can afford gases and dust without requiring supernovae to lead to them, this is the most natural mechanism possible for inducing solar and planetary coalescing.
Gas and dust will continue to settle on the surfaces of a building star, also on its planets, much as how dust settles on the ground and ice precipitates here, which is a centripetal process. Yet as the planets build enough mass they will leave those nebular tracks when their momentum starts generating too much centrifugal force, which initiates their orbits—with greater velocity nearer to the star and lower velocity farther away since gravitational force is lower (thus produces less velocity) the farther out a planet forms. The orbits that three of the planets shown take (the three on the left) are indicated in the drawing. Higher velocity / lower mass planets subjected to greater gravitational force nearer to a star need less mass to begin to orbit since that extra velocity grants them the required momentum to orbit that close. (Instead of the lines in the picture leading to each planet from the star straightening out as shown, they should actually be longer and retain more of the same curvature throughout, which can be better depicted in the future.)
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Posted on 2/10/15 (also appears on the Pivotal Experiments page):
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Posted on 10/9/14 (also appears on the Emission and Absorption Lines page):
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Posted on 7/27/14 (also appears on the Pivotal Experiments page):
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We have to tolerate quite a few unnatural explanations in science right now, like last night Morgan Freeman saying
that matter isn't substantial, that it's basically an illusion (Religions must love that). That's quantum physics for you
(written in 2014).
Not seeing gravity in the simple way it's explained below is another one of those.
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